For the first time somatic spotlike formations of 1.5 mm in diameter and height up to 0.5 mm were revealed in thalli of the red alga Palmaria palmata reared in an aerated stirred culture. It was determined that some cortical cells of the thallus are able to divide in the periclinal and anticlinal directions forming spots. Deep freezing and subsequent thawing of thalli showed that the cortical cells of spots were meristematic cells. In certain conditions they enabled the formation of prolifications, which germinated plantlets. These clusters of meristem tissue in the cortical layer of cells of the thallus of P. palmata, which were formed in the culture as in nature, function as growth cells facilitating growth of thalli in thick and natural “planting material” formed upon thalli fragmenting after their freezing in the winter season.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 5, 2006
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