Larval development of the rhizocephalanSacculina polygenea (Crustacea: Cirripedia: Rhizocephala) parasitizing the coastal crabHemigrapsus sanguineus was studied in Vostok Bay, the Sea of Japan. At 22–23°C, the entire cycle of larval development takes 2.5 days and includes five naupliar stages and one cypris stage. Like other rhizocephalans, the larvae ofS. polygenea are lecithotrophic and only grow slightly in size in the course of development, and like all sacculinids, they have no flotation collar. The naupliar stages IV and V have a tubercle between the furcal rami; this tubercle is absent in the larvae of the genusPeltogasterella, but it has been described inS. carcini. The first seta of the antennule only disappears completely at the fourth stage, although it is markedly reduced at the third stage. No morphological differences, except differences in size, are found between male and female nauplii.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 18, 2007
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