The general aspects of the mechanical activation (MA) of Al/CuO thermite compositions based on micron-sized particles and nanopowders of the starting components have been analyzed using X-ray diffraction and hydrogen titration. The latter method has been employed to evaluate the amount of residual oxygen in CuO and Cu2O from the weight loss during heating in H2. The reactivity of the activated mixtures was assessed using DSC and TG in combination with mass spectrometric analysis. In addition, we have measured the ignition temperature, burning velocity, and brightness temperature of the reaction products. The results demonstrate that mechanical activation leads to the fragmentation of the components, mixture homogenization, and the formation of a composite, producing “weakly bound” oxygen in CuO n and causing partial reaction between the components. The total exothermic heat effect in DSC scans, burning velocity, and brightness temperature as functions of specific milling dose (D) have an extremum. The highest reactivity is observed near D = 2 kJ/g, where a sufficient defect density in the components and good mixture homogenization are ensured, but the degree of MA-induced conversion does not exceed 10%. The burning velocity then reaches 400–700 m/s, and the brightness temperature is 3400–3800 °C. The milling dose dependence of the self-ignition temperature has no extremum. The self-ignition temperature steadily decreases with increasing milling dose, even though the ignition knock “power” falls off. The use of nanoparticulate starting components does not appear reasonable.
Journal of Materials Science – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud