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Ixora coccinea Linn.: Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology

Ixora coccinea Linn.: Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology Ixora coccinea Linn., (Rubiaceae) commonly known as jungle of geranium and red ixora, is an evergreen shrub found throughout India. Depending on the medical condition, the flowers, leaves, roots, and the stem are used to treat various ailments in the Indian traditional system of medicine, the Ayurveda, and also in various folk medicines. The fruits, when fully ripe, are used as a dietary source. Phytochemical studies indicate that the plant contains important phytochemicals such as lupeol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, sitosterol, rutin, lecocyanadin, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin. Pharmacological studies suggest that the plant possesses antioxidative, antibacterial, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, antidiarrhoeal, antinociceptive, antimutagenic, antineoplastic and chemopreventive effects, thus lending scientific support to the plant’s ethnomedicinal uses. In the present review, efforts are made in addressing its ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents, and validated pharmacological observations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine Springer Journals

Ixora coccinea Linn.: Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology

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References (49)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
1672-0415
eISSN
1993-0402
DOI
10.1007/s11655-011-0881-3
pmid
22231708
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ixora coccinea Linn., (Rubiaceae) commonly known as jungle of geranium and red ixora, is an evergreen shrub found throughout India. Depending on the medical condition, the flowers, leaves, roots, and the stem are used to treat various ailments in the Indian traditional system of medicine, the Ayurveda, and also in various folk medicines. The fruits, when fully ripe, are used as a dietary source. Phytochemical studies indicate that the plant contains important phytochemicals such as lupeol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, sitosterol, rutin, lecocyanadin, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin. Pharmacological studies suggest that the plant possesses antioxidative, antibacterial, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, antidiarrhoeal, antinociceptive, antimutagenic, antineoplastic and chemopreventive effects, thus lending scientific support to the plant’s ethnomedicinal uses. In the present review, efforts are made in addressing its ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents, and validated pharmacological observations.

Journal

Chinese Journal of Integrative MedicineSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 10, 2012

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