In vitro regeneration of adult rat ganglion cell axons from retinal explants

In vitro regeneration of adult rat ganglion cell axons from retinal explants 221 73 73 2 2 M. Bähr J. Vanselow S. Thanos Max-Planck-Institut für Entwicklungsbiologie Spemannstr. 35 D-7400 Tübingen Germany Summary The potential for regeneration of adult rat ganglion cell (RGC) axons was investigated in vitro. Explants from RITC (rhodamine-B-isothiocyanate) retrogradely labeled and in vivo axotomized retinae were placed on dishes coated with various substrates. The retinal pieces were cultivated in a serum-free medium and incubated under 50 to 80% O 2 -enriched and 5% CO 2 -containing atmosphere. Under these conditions, massive outgrowth of fibers was observed as early as 24 h after explantation and over a period of time extending up to 7 days in culture. By various criteria, two main types of processes could be characterized: (1) Short, thick processes emerged from either migrated flat cells or from cells inside the retinal explant, and (2) long and thin processes emerged from cells in the ganglion cell layer (GCL). By immunohistochemistry, the short processes and the cells from which they had emerged, appeared to be glial acidic fibrillary protein (GFAP)-positive Thy 1 and L 1-negative, suggesting their glial nature. The second type of long, thin processes appeared to be GFAP-negative, L1- and Thy 1-positive, indicating that they were neuronal, probably RGC processes. Proof that long fibers emerged from RGCs was provided by retrograde labeling of RGCs with RITC prior to explanation. Numerous RITC-filled RGCs survived in vitro. Regrowing axons retransported part of the accumulated fluorescent dye in the orthograde direction and thus unequivocally permitted their identification as RGC axons. The fact that adult RGC axons can reelongate in vitro might provide a useful bioassay for investigations on the factors that either support or inhibit regrowth of axons from CNS neurons. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Brain Research Springer Journals

In vitro regeneration of adult rat ganglion cell axons from retinal explants

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer-journals/in-vitro-regeneration-of-adult-rat-ganglion-cell-axons-from-retinal-Lv4z50rftF
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1988 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Neurology
ISSN
0014-4819
eISSN
1432-1106
DOI
10.1007/BF00248232
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

221 73 73 2 2 M. Bähr J. Vanselow S. Thanos Max-Planck-Institut für Entwicklungsbiologie Spemannstr. 35 D-7400 Tübingen Germany Summary The potential for regeneration of adult rat ganglion cell (RGC) axons was investigated in vitro. Explants from RITC (rhodamine-B-isothiocyanate) retrogradely labeled and in vivo axotomized retinae were placed on dishes coated with various substrates. The retinal pieces were cultivated in a serum-free medium and incubated under 50 to 80% O 2 -enriched and 5% CO 2 -containing atmosphere. Under these conditions, massive outgrowth of fibers was observed as early as 24 h after explantation and over a period of time extending up to 7 days in culture. By various criteria, two main types of processes could be characterized: (1) Short, thick processes emerged from either migrated flat cells or from cells inside the retinal explant, and (2) long and thin processes emerged from cells in the ganglion cell layer (GCL). By immunohistochemistry, the short processes and the cells from which they had emerged, appeared to be glial acidic fibrillary protein (GFAP)-positive Thy 1 and L 1-negative, suggesting their glial nature. The second type of long, thin processes appeared to be GFAP-negative, L1- and Thy 1-positive, indicating that they were neuronal, probably RGC processes. Proof that long fibers emerged from RGCs was provided by retrograde labeling of RGCs with RITC prior to explanation. Numerous RITC-filled RGCs survived in vitro. Regrowing axons retransported part of the accumulated fluorescent dye in the orthograde direction and thus unequivocally permitted their identification as RGC axons. The fact that adult RGC axons can reelongate in vitro might provide a useful bioassay for investigations on the factors that either support or inhibit regrowth of axons from CNS neurons.

Journal

Experimental Brain ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 1988

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off