IL-6 and PACAP Receptor Expression and Localization after Global Brain Ischemia in Mice

IL-6 and PACAP Receptor Expression and Localization after Global Brain Ischemia in Mice Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) exerts a neuroprotective action against ischemic damage. This action is mediated by the interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathway. However, as the expression patterns of PACAP receptors and IL-6 following ischemia are not understood, we evaluated them in the mouse hippocampus in response to ischemia induced by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. Real-time PCR determination of PAC1R mRNA expression in the hippocampus was significantly elevated on day 7 after ischemia. VPAC1R mRNA expression was significantly decreased 3 days after the ischemic episode, while VPAC2R mRNA expression showed a nonsignificant tendency to increase on day 7. IL-6 mRNA expression was significantly increased on day 3 and peaked on day 7 after ischemia. The mRNA expression of activity-dependent neuroprotective protein, which is a neuroprotective factor stimulated by PACAP, remained virtually unchanged in response to ischemia. IL-6 immunoreactivity was detected in the CA1 pyramidal cell layer and colocalized with the neuronal marker NeuN on day 1 after ischemia. On day 3, irregularly shaped IL-6-immunopositive cells colocalized with the astrocytic marker glial fibrillary acidic protein but not with the microglial marker Iba1. PAC1R immunoreactivity co-labeled with IL-6 immunoreactivity. These results suggest that PACAP could stimulate IL-6 secretion by neurons during the acute phase after an ischemic episode and thereafter by astrocytes during the subacute phase. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Molecular Neuroscience Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Neurochemistry; Neurology; Proteomics; Cell Biology
ISSN
0895-8696
eISSN
1559-1166
DOI
10.1007/s12031-012-9819-0
pmid
22669509
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) exerts a neuroprotective action against ischemic damage. This action is mediated by the interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathway. However, as the expression patterns of PACAP receptors and IL-6 following ischemia are not understood, we evaluated them in the mouse hippocampus in response to ischemia induced by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. Real-time PCR determination of PAC1R mRNA expression in the hippocampus was significantly elevated on day 7 after ischemia. VPAC1R mRNA expression was significantly decreased 3 days after the ischemic episode, while VPAC2R mRNA expression showed a nonsignificant tendency to increase on day 7. IL-6 mRNA expression was significantly increased on day 3 and peaked on day 7 after ischemia. The mRNA expression of activity-dependent neuroprotective protein, which is a neuroprotective factor stimulated by PACAP, remained virtually unchanged in response to ischemia. IL-6 immunoreactivity was detected in the CA1 pyramidal cell layer and colocalized with the neuronal marker NeuN on day 1 after ischemia. On day 3, irregularly shaped IL-6-immunopositive cells colocalized with the astrocytic marker glial fibrillary acidic protein but not with the microglial marker Iba1. PAC1R immunoreactivity co-labeled with IL-6 immunoreactivity. These results suggest that PACAP could stimulate IL-6 secretion by neurons during the acute phase after an ischemic episode and thereafter by astrocytes during the subacute phase.

Journal

Journal of Molecular NeuroscienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 6, 2012

References

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