Microsatellites isolated in bread wheat were used to identify 20 Italian durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum L.) cultivars. A total of 15 microsatellite primer pairs were tested against DNA extracted from leaf tissue, single seeds and semolina. Twelve markers showed allelic polymorphism among the 20 cultivars, providing a total of 41 different alleles. Firstly, an analysis of microsatellite informativeness in the chosen set of durum wheat cultivars was made and a set of highly polymorphic microsatellites was established. Secondly, among the most polymorphic cultivars, the minimum number of microsatellites able to distinguish all cultivars was determined. A set of five microsatellites was found sufficient to differentiate the durum wheat cultivars examined. The method is directly applicable to seeds and semolina, and is suitable for detecting seed mixtures in the same seed lot.
European Food Research and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 2, 1999
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