The effect of heat-treatment on 10 wt% CuO-ZnAl2O4 catalytic activity in methylation of phenol and the degree of interaction of CuO active phase with support spinel phase were investigated. The CuO-ZnAl2O4 sample was subjected to heat-treatment up to 1000°C. The thermal products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, nitrogen adsorption-desorption at -196°C and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD-MS) of CO2. Additionally, the reducibility of copper phases was investigated by temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). XRD patterns of the fresh catalyst sample (calcined at 600°C) indicated the presence of a mixture of poorly crystallized CuO and ZnAl2O4 spinel phase. The presence of two reducible copper species has been found on fresh CuO-ZnAl2O4 catalyst by TPR analysis. After subsequent calcinations in air at elevated temperatures some CuO disappeared with appearance of CuAl2O4 phase. The catalytic results revealed that the CuO addition to ZnAl2O4 increases the activity in ortho-methylation of phenol. Subsequent heat-treatment up to 900°C causes partial deactivation of copper centers, which is the result of transformation of CuO to the inactive CuAl2O4 phase.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 17, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera