Helping or Hovering? The Effects of Helicopter Parenting on College Students’ Well-Being

Helping or Hovering? The Effects of Helicopter Parenting on College Students’ Well-Being Parental involvement is related to many positive child outcomes, but if not developmentally appropriate, it can be associated with higher levels of child anxiety and depression. Few studies have examined the effects of over-controlling parenting, or “helicopter parenting,” in college students. Some studies have found that college students of over-controlling parents report feeling less satisfied with family life and have lower levels of psychological well-being. This study examined self-determination theory as the potential underlying mechanism explaining this relationship. College students (N = 297) completed measures of helicopter parenting, autonomy supportive parenting, depression, anxiety, satisfaction with life, and basic psychological needs satisfaction. Students who reported having over-controlling parents reported significantly higher levels of depression and less satisfaction with life. Furthermore, the negative effects of helicopter parenting on college students’ well-being were largely explained by the perceived violation of students’ basic psychological needs for autonomy and competence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Child and Family Studies Springer Journals

Helping or Hovering? The Effects of Helicopter Parenting on College Students’ Well-Being

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Social Sciences, general; Sociology, general
ISSN
1062-1024
eISSN
1573-2843
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10826-013-9716-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Parental involvement is related to many positive child outcomes, but if not developmentally appropriate, it can be associated with higher levels of child anxiety and depression. Few studies have examined the effects of over-controlling parenting, or “helicopter parenting,” in college students. Some studies have found that college students of over-controlling parents report feeling less satisfied with family life and have lower levels of psychological well-being. This study examined self-determination theory as the potential underlying mechanism explaining this relationship. College students (N = 297) completed measures of helicopter parenting, autonomy supportive parenting, depression, anxiety, satisfaction with life, and basic psychological needs satisfaction. Students who reported having over-controlling parents reported significantly higher levels of depression and less satisfaction with life. Furthermore, the negative effects of helicopter parenting on college students’ well-being were largely explained by the perceived violation of students’ basic psychological needs for autonomy and competence.

Journal

Journal of Child and Family StudiesSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 9, 2013

References

  • Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors
    Barber, BK; Olsen, JE; Shagle, SC
  • Parent influences on early childhood internalizing difficulties
    Bayer, JK; Sanson, AV; Hemphill, SA

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