122 78 78 6 6 E. B. Swanson L. R. Erickson Allelix Crop Technologies 6850 Goreway Drive L4V1P1 Mississauga Ontario Canada Summary Microspore-derived embryos of Brassica napus were transformed using the disarmed octopine-producing LBA4404 strain of Agrobacterium tumefaciens containing the binary vector pBin19. Octopine-producing strains have previously been reported to be ineffective in transforming Brassica . Four actively growing yellow/ green sectors were selected from the embryos on 50 mg/l kanamycin and plants regenerated. Analysis for NPT-II activity in these young plants initially indicated no expression of the bacterial NPT-II gene. The plants were nevertheless grown to maturity, selfed and S 1 seed was collected. Three of the S 1 plants produced microspores which were from 4 to 20 times more tolerant to kanamycin than the original parent. Southern analysis revealed that one plant (EC-1) had a single site of insertion and the other two plants (EC-2 and EC-6) had two sites of insertion with sequence homology to the bacterial NPT-II gene. Microspores from the EC-2 and EC-6 transgenics produced embryos on approximately five times the level of kanamycin tolerated by microspores from untransformed plants, while the EC-1 transgenic produced microspores with more than 20 times the tolerance to kanamycin. Analysis of S 1 progeny of the EC-1 transgenic indicated that 100% of the progeny exhibited the trait through both Southern analysis and by expressing tolerance to kanamycin in microspore-derived embryos.
TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 1989
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