Purpose Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is a key enzyme preventing cells from oxidative damage and has been reported to have tumor-promoting roles. This study aims to comprehensively evaluate the predictive values of G6PD on brain tumor risk, prognosis and chemo-resistance. Methods A retrospective 13-year cohort study analyzing cancer risk using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (4066 G6PD deficiency patients and 16,264 controls) was conducted. Furthermore, RNAseq and clinical data of grade II–III glioma (LGG, n = 515) and glioblastoma (GBM, n = 155) were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and analyzed. Bioinformatics methods were applied to build a glioma prognostication model and to predict response to chemotherapy based on tumor G6PD-related gene expressions. The predicted results were validated in another glioma cohort GSE 16011 and in KALS1 cell line. Results G6PD-dificient patients were found to have an increased risk for cancers, especially for brain tumor (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 10.5, 95% CI 1.03–7.60). Furthermore, higher tumor G6PD expression was associated with poor patient survival in LGG, but not in GBM. A prognostication model using expression levels of G6PD and 9 related genes (PSMA2, PSMB8, SHFM1, GSS, GSTK1, MGST2, POLD3, MSH2, MSH6) could independently predict LGG patient
Journal of Neuro-Oncology – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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