Expression of cell cycle regulatory genes and morphological alterations in response to salt stress in Arabidopsis thaliana

Expression of cell cycle regulatory genes and morphological alterations in response to salt...  Hyperosmotic stress severely affects plant growth and development. To examine the effect of salt stress on cell cycle activity in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., the transcriptional regulation of a cyclin-dependent kinase, CDC2aAt, and two mitotic cyclins, Arath;CycB1;1 and Arath;CycA2;1, was studied by using the β-glucuronidase (gus) reporter gene. Moreover, the mRNA abundance of these cell cycle genes as well as CDC2bAt were monitored during salt stress. Upon NaCl treatment, the promoter activities and transcript levels of all cell cycle genes diminished initially in the shoot apex and were subsequently induced during salt-stress adaptation. Additionally, the promoter activities of CDC2aAt and CycA2;1 decreased in the vascular cylinder of the root in correlation with reduced lateral root formation. In the root tips, a regression of CDC2aAt, CycA2;1, and CycB1;1:gus expression was observed, concomitant with a shrinkage of the root meristem and inhibition of root growth. Our data indicate that salt stress interferes with cell cycle regulation at the transcriptional level, resulting in an adaptive growth response. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Planta Springer Journals

Expression of cell cycle regulatory genes and morphological alterations in response to salt stress in Arabidopsis thaliana

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Agriculture; Ecology; Forestry
ISSN
0032-0935
eISSN
1432-2048
D.O.I.
10.1007/s004250000334
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 Hyperosmotic stress severely affects plant growth and development. To examine the effect of salt stress on cell cycle activity in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., the transcriptional regulation of a cyclin-dependent kinase, CDC2aAt, and two mitotic cyclins, Arath;CycB1;1 and Arath;CycA2;1, was studied by using the β-glucuronidase (gus) reporter gene. Moreover, the mRNA abundance of these cell cycle genes as well as CDC2bAt were monitored during salt stress. Upon NaCl treatment, the promoter activities and transcript levels of all cell cycle genes diminished initially in the shoot apex and were subsequently induced during salt-stress adaptation. Additionally, the promoter activities of CDC2aAt and CycA2;1 decreased in the vascular cylinder of the root in correlation with reduced lateral root formation. In the root tips, a regression of CDC2aAt, CycA2;1, and CycB1;1:gus expression was observed, concomitant with a shrinkage of the root meristem and inhibition of root growth. Our data indicate that salt stress interferes with cell cycle regulation at the transcriptional level, resulting in an adaptive growth response.

Journal

PlantaSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2000

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