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Exit morphology and mechanical property of FDM printed PLA: influence of hot melt extrusion process

Exit morphology and mechanical property of FDM printed PLA: influence of hot melt extrusion process In order to study the hot melt extrusion process in fused deposition modeling (FDM), this study mainly explores the effects of printing temperature, heated block length, feeding speed on the exit morphology and mechanical properties of FDM printed Polylactic acid (PLA) samples. High-speed camera is used to capture the exit morphology of molten PLA just extruded to the nozzle. According to exit morphology, the outlet states of extruded molten material can be divided into four categories, namely, bubbled state, coherent state, expanding state, and unstable state. Tensile test results show that printing temperature, heated block length and printing speed have significant influence on tensile properties and fracture mode of FDM printed samples. When the heated block length is 15 mm and 30 mm, there is a ductile-brittle transition in fracture mode with the increase of printing speed. The printing process window under different heated block lengths and printing temperatures has been figured out and the distribution of printing process window under different printing speeds has been discussed. There is a maximum printing process window under the heated block length of 30 mm. This finding provides a frame work for performance prediction of FDM printed parts and theoretical guidance for expanding the scope of printing process window. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Manufacturing Springer Journals

Exit morphology and mechanical property of FDM printed PLA: influence of hot melt extrusion process

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Shanghai University and Periodicals Agency of Shanghai University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022
ISSN
2095-3127
eISSN
2195-3597
DOI
10.1007/s40436-022-00405-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In order to study the hot melt extrusion process in fused deposition modeling (FDM), this study mainly explores the effects of printing temperature, heated block length, feeding speed on the exit morphology and mechanical properties of FDM printed Polylactic acid (PLA) samples. High-speed camera is used to capture the exit morphology of molten PLA just extruded to the nozzle. According to exit morphology, the outlet states of extruded molten material can be divided into four categories, namely, bubbled state, coherent state, expanding state, and unstable state. Tensile test results show that printing temperature, heated block length and printing speed have significant influence on tensile properties and fracture mode of FDM printed samples. When the heated block length is 15 mm and 30 mm, there is a ductile-brittle transition in fracture mode with the increase of printing speed. The printing process window under different heated block lengths and printing temperatures has been figured out and the distribution of printing process window under different printing speeds has been discussed. There is a maximum printing process window under the heated block length of 30 mm. This finding provides a frame work for performance prediction of FDM printed parts and theoretical guidance for expanding the scope of printing process window.

Journal

Advances in ManufacturingSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 10, 2022

Keywords: Fused deposition modeling (FDM); Polylactic acid (PLA); Exit morphology; Tensile property; Printing process window

References