Evidence for a pre-existing telomere deficit in non-clonal hematopoietic stem cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia

Evidence for a pre-existing telomere deficit in non-clonal hematopoietic stem cells in patients... Telomere shortening represents an established mechanism connecting aging and cancer development. We sequentially analyzed telomere length (TL) of 49 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients at diagnosis (n = 24), once they achieved complete cytological remission (CCR) and/or during refractory disease or relapse and after 1-year follow-up, with all patients having at least two sequential samples. TL was analyzed by monochrome multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We have observed substantially shortened TL in the cells of patients at diagnosis compared to age-adjusted controls. In patients reaching CCR after chemotherapy, telomere shortening was less pronounced than in persistence or relapse but still significantly shortened compared to controls. We estimate patients harboring approximately 20 years of premature telomere loss compared to healthy aged-matched subjects at the time of AML onset. Our data indicate a pre-existing telomere deficit in non-clonal hematopoiesis of AML patients providing a link between age and AML development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Hematology Springer Journals

Evidence for a pre-existing telomere deficit in non-clonal hematopoietic stem cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Hematology; Oncology
ISSN
0939-5555
eISSN
1432-0584
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00277-017-3049-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Telomere shortening represents an established mechanism connecting aging and cancer development. We sequentially analyzed telomere length (TL) of 49 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients at diagnosis (n = 24), once they achieved complete cytological remission (CCR) and/or during refractory disease or relapse and after 1-year follow-up, with all patients having at least two sequential samples. TL was analyzed by monochrome multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We have observed substantially shortened TL in the cells of patients at diagnosis compared to age-adjusted controls. In patients reaching CCR after chemotherapy, telomere shortening was less pronounced than in persistence or relapse but still significantly shortened compared to controls. We estimate patients harboring approximately 20 years of premature telomere loss compared to healthy aged-matched subjects at the time of AML onset. Our data indicate a pre-existing telomere deficit in non-clonal hematopoiesis of AML patients providing a link between age and AML development.

Journal

Annals of HematologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 3, 2017

References

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