Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid modulate MAP kinase enzyme activity in human T-cells

Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid modulate MAP kinase enzyme activity in human T-cells In order to investigate the implication of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in T signalling, we assessed their effects on the activation of two mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinases, i.e. extracellularly-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/ERK2) in Jurkat T-cells. The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) alone failed to induce MAP kinase (MAPK) enzyme activity. To elucidate whether DHA and EPA act via protein kinase C (PKC) dependent and independent pathways, we employed their respective activators, i.e. phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and antiCD3 antibodies. We observed that U0126, an inhibitor of MAPK kinase-ERK kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2), abolished the actions of these two agents on MAPK activation, suggesting that they act upstream of MEK1/2. Further EPA and DHA diminished both the PMA- and antiCD3 antibodies-induced enzyme activity of ERK1/ERK2 in Jurkat T-cells. Interestingly, okadaic acid (OA), a phosphatase inhibitor seems to act downstream of MEK1/2 as U0126 failed to inhibit the OA-induced MAPK activation. It is noteworthy that EPA and DHA not only failed to curtail the OA-induced MAPK activity but also these n-3 PUFAs at 20 μM potentiated the action of OA. Therefore, EPA and DHA seem to modulate MAPK activation upstream and downstream of MEK1/2. On the hand, arachidonic acid, an n-6 PUFA potentiated the MAPK enzyme activity. In conclusion, our study shows that EPA and DHA may regulate T-cells functions by modulating MAPK enzyme activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Springer Journals

Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid modulate MAP kinase enzyme activity in human T-cells

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Cardiology; Medical Biochemistry; Oncology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0300-8177
eISSN
1573-4919
DOI
10.1023/A:1014806122510
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In order to investigate the implication of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in T signalling, we assessed their effects on the activation of two mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinases, i.e. extracellularly-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/ERK2) in Jurkat T-cells. The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) alone failed to induce MAP kinase (MAPK) enzyme activity. To elucidate whether DHA and EPA act via protein kinase C (PKC) dependent and independent pathways, we employed their respective activators, i.e. phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and antiCD3 antibodies. We observed that U0126, an inhibitor of MAPK kinase-ERK kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2), abolished the actions of these two agents on MAPK activation, suggesting that they act upstream of MEK1/2. Further EPA and DHA diminished both the PMA- and antiCD3 antibodies-induced enzyme activity of ERK1/ERK2 in Jurkat T-cells. Interestingly, okadaic acid (OA), a phosphatase inhibitor seems to act downstream of MEK1/2 as U0126 failed to inhibit the OA-induced MAPK activation. It is noteworthy that EPA and DHA not only failed to curtail the OA-induced MAPK activity but also these n-3 PUFAs at 20 μM potentiated the action of OA. Therefore, EPA and DHA seem to modulate MAPK activation upstream and downstream of MEK1/2. On the hand, arachidonic acid, an n-6 PUFA potentiated the MAPK enzyme activity. In conclusion, our study shows that EPA and DHA may regulate T-cells functions by modulating MAPK enzyme activity.

Journal

Molecular and Cellular BiochemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 5, 2004

References

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