Effects of UV-C radiation on Chlorella vulgaris, a biofilm-forming alga

Effects of UV-C radiation on Chlorella vulgaris, a biofilm-forming alga Photosynthetic biofilms proliferating on heritage monuments represent a major threat for curators leading to biodegradation and esthetic issues. Previous studies demonstrated that UV-C, used as a tool for biofilm eradication, is a promising avenue to combat microbial proliferation. In this study, this environmentally friendly method was tested on biofilm-forming Chlorella vulgaris suspension. Algal physiological response to UV-C was then assessed. Results showed that > 10 kJ m−2 UV-C exposure was enough to directly kill cells whereas low UV-C exposure reduced quantum yield of photosystem II and inhibited both respiration and photosynthesis. Clear relationships between UV-C exposure times and physiological responses were found. In addition, the use of VIS-light after UV-C treatment enhances chlorophyll bleaching. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the physiological responses of Chlorella vulgaris to UV-C radiation allowing thus an optimization of the UV-C treatment reported in our previous studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Applied Phycology Springer Journals

Effects of UV-C radiation on Chlorella vulgaris, a biofilm-forming alga

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Plant Physiology; Ecology
ISSN
0921-8971
eISSN
1573-5176
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10811-017-1380-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Photosynthetic biofilms proliferating on heritage monuments represent a major threat for curators leading to biodegradation and esthetic issues. Previous studies demonstrated that UV-C, used as a tool for biofilm eradication, is a promising avenue to combat microbial proliferation. In this study, this environmentally friendly method was tested on biofilm-forming Chlorella vulgaris suspension. Algal physiological response to UV-C was then assessed. Results showed that > 10 kJ m−2 UV-C exposure was enough to directly kill cells whereas low UV-C exposure reduced quantum yield of photosystem II and inhibited both respiration and photosynthesis. Clear relationships between UV-C exposure times and physiological responses were found. In addition, the use of VIS-light after UV-C treatment enhances chlorophyll bleaching. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the physiological responses of Chlorella vulgaris to UV-C radiation allowing thus an optimization of the UV-C treatment reported in our previous studies.

Journal

Journal of Applied PhycologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 8, 2018

References

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