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Effects of oral aluminum on essential trace elements metabolism during pregnancy



The present study was conducted to assess in rats the effects of oral aluminum (Al) exposure on calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) accumulation and urinary excretion. Three groups of plug-positive Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given by gavage 0, 200, and 400 mg/kg/d of Al(OH) 3 on gestational days 1–20. Three groups of nonpregnant female SD rats of the same age received Al(OH) 3 by gavage at the same doses for 20 consecutive days. At the end of the treatment period, 24-h urine samples were collected for analysis of Al and essential elements. Subsequently, all animals were sacrificed and samples of liver, bone, spleen, kidneys, and brain were removed for metal analyses. With some exceptions, the urinary amounts of Al, Mn, and Cu excreted by pregnant animals as well as the urinary levels of Al excreted by nonpregnant rats were higher in the Al-treated groups than in the respective control groups. Although higher Al levels were found in the liver of pregnant rats, the concentrations of Al in the brain of these animals were lower than those found in the same tissues of nonpregnant rats. With regard to the essential elements, tissue accumulation was most affected in pregnant than in nonpregnant animals. In pregnant rats, the hepatic and renal concentrations of Ca, Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn, and Fe, as well as the levels of Ca in bone, and the concentrations of Cu in brain were significantly higher in the Al-exposed groups than in the control group. According to the current results, oral Al exposure during pregnancy can produce significant changes in the tissue distribution of a number of essential elements.



Biological Trace Element ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2001

DOI: 10.1385/BTER:79:1:67

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