The in vivo and in vitro nitrate effects on pea (Pisum sativum L.) sucrose synthase (SS) were studied. At the period of plant transition from heterotrophic to autotrophic nutrition, exogenous nitrate (14.2 mM) absorbed in the form of KNO3 and Ca(NO3)2 during 10–20 days activated SS in the roots by 22–100% as compared with plants grown on nitrogen-free medium. Such effect was observed only at plant growing under high light (natural illumination up to 25 klx) and thus their sufficient supplement with sucrose. Under low light (climate-controlled chamber, 2.5 klx), nitrate could not activate SS. In the in vitro experiments, nitrate activated SS exponentially by a dose-dependent mode with the plateau at 3–5 mM, where its activity was increased by 50%. It is supposed that there is a second constituent in SS activation by nitrate, and it carries information about plant carbohydrate status. Possible mechanisms of nitrate-induced SS activation are discussed.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2009
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