The configuration of constituent filaments in multifilament woven polyester fabrics plays very crucially to decide the low stress mechanical as well as transmission behaviour of shirting range fabrics. Intermingled, textured, and flat yarns (150/36/5, yarn of total denier 150, 36 filaments in that strand with 5 twist per meter) were used to produce different fabric samples. Twelve fabric samples using various combinations of warp and weft are manufactured with intermingled, textured, twisted, and flat configurations. Fabric samples were characterized to get low-stress mechanical properties by Kawabata Evaluation System (KES-FB) and transmission behaviour was tested by Permetest, air permeability tester, and wickability tester. The presence of textured configured multifilament yarn exhibits high bending elasticity with lower bending hysteresis. The compression behaviour of fabric consists of intermingled warp and textured weft shows the highest compressibility or fullness. The intermingled configuration offers higher total hand value for winter applications with a different combination of weft threads. The highest wicking potential is achieved in case of intermingled warp and textured weft combinations. The moisture transmission rate remains highest with twisted warp twisted weft fabrics.
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series E – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 18, 2020