Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves and intact spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplasts were exposed to short-term heating, and the aftereffects of heat treatment on in vitro andin vivo activities of nitrate reductase and noncyclic electron transport associated with nitrite reduction were studied. Heating of leaves at temperatures above 40°C led to a monotonic decrease in nitrate reductase in vitro activity. On the contrary, the in vivo enzyme activity, assayed in intact leaf tissues after 5-min heat treatment, increased 1.5 times upon elevating the pretreatment temperature from 37 to 40°C and gradually decreased at higher temperatures. Noncyclic electron transport related to CO2 fixation in intact chloroplasts decreased gradually after heat exposures above 39°C, unlike the electron transport to nitrite as a terminal acceptor, which was stimulated by heating of intact chloroplast suspensions in the temperature range from 33 to 40°C. The heating at higher temperatures inhibited nitrite photoreduction. It is concluded that the heating of phototrophic cells at sublethal temperatures stimulates the mobilization of inorganic nitrogen and thereby facilitates the repair of thermally induced injuries of proteinaceous cell structures. The stimulation of nitrate reductase activity in vivo at the temperature range 37–40°C provides an evidence for the increase in the availability of reductants in the cytosolic compartment of the leaf cell.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 11, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera