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Distribution, structure and importance of the cephalic dorsal hump, a new sensory organ in calanoid copepods



227 101 101 2 2 S. Nishida Ocean Research Institute University of Tokyo 1-15-1 Minamidai, Nakano-ku 164 Tokyo Japan Abstract The occurrence, external morphology and internal ultrastructure of a cephalic integumental organ in calanoid copepods were studied, using the specimens from the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. This organ is located on the dorsoanterior surface of the cephalosome, and a name, cephalic dorsal hump (CDH) is proposed. Externally, it usually has two pores, anterior and apical, a dorsal plate, and a thin cuticle along the sides. CDH is found only in the male of Calanidae, Megacalanidae, Mecynoceridae and Paracalanidae, and showed some variation between species or species groups both in size and shape. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on the specimens from Sagami Bay, Central Japan, revealed that the CDH of Paracalanus parvus and Calanus sinicus consists of two dermal glands and a receptor, which is assumed to be chemosensory. A comparison of the distributions of CDH and prehensile fifth legs of male calanoid copepods suggests that it plays an important role in mate recognition.



Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 1989

DOI: 10.1007/BF00391456

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