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Determination of the chlorine current efficiency of mercury chlor-alkali cells



JOURNAL OF APPLIED ELECTROCHEMISTRY 27 (1997) 1300±1303 Determination of the chlorine current eciency of mercury chlor-alkali cells C.-P. CHEN, B. V. TILAK Occidental Chemical Corporation, Technology Center, 2801 Long Road, Grand Island, New York 14072, USA Received 15 February 1997; revised 22 May 1997 feed brine ¯ow rate …dm3 sÀ1 † depleted brine ¯ow …dm3 sÀ1 † total available chlorine in feed brine f f f …gCl2 gHOCl gNaOCl †…mol dmÀ3 † total available chlorine in depleted d d d brine …gCl2 gHOCl gNaOCl † À3 …mol dm † Nitrogen-free oxygen in the cell gas = Measured value of % O2 À 0X2658%N2 refer to the soluble chlorine in feed and depleted brine. List of symbols f and d source gspecies p s source tspecies superscripts refer to feed and depleted brine, respectively. concentration of species (noted in the subscript) in the source stream (noted in the superscript) (mol dmÀ3 † Faraday number …96X487 kA s molÀ1 † load (kA) molar ¯ow rate of species (noted in the subscript) in the source stream (noted in the superscript) …mol sÀ1 † p q f gAvXCl2 d gAvXCl2 %O2 f d gCl2 and gCl2 1. Introduction Currently, about 14% of



Journal of Applied ElectrochemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 1997

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018400524081

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