A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) procedure for the detection of avian, duck, and goose reovirus (ARV, DRV, and GRV) RNA from cell culture supernatant and clinical samples was established. Based on multiple sequence alignment, a pair of degenerate primers was selected and synthesized. The amplified, cloned, and sequenced 598-base-pair products from the σA-encoding gene fragment from 16 isolates (ranging over 30 years) indicated that the primer regions were well conserved. The sensitivity of this method was determined to be 10 −2 PFU. The specificity of the RT-PCR method was determined by testing specimens containing avian influenza A viruses, Newcastle disease virus, and infectious bronchitis virus, all of which yielded negative results with no discernible background. The efficiency of the system for detection of ARV, DRV, and GRV directly in 71/83 clinical samples was confirmed. The nucleotide sequence analysis indicated that DRV and GRV isolated from China in different locales and years were closely related, showing 97.4–100% homology to each other, but with only 86.7–88.5% identity to DRV 89026. The nucleotide and amino acid sequence identities in the amplified σA-encoding gene were 74.2–78.4% and 86.9–92.0%, respectively, between duck/goose and chicken species. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that GRV and DRV aggregated into the same specified genogroup within subgroup II of the genus Orthoreovirus and are more closely related to ARV than to Nelson Bay virus. Overall, this study developed a sensitive and specific technique for the identification ARV, DRV, and GRV, and sequencing analysis has enhanced our understanding of the evolutionary relationship between ARV, DRV, and GRV.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2006
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera