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Crystallization of a Bi–Pb–Fe–Cd–O glass under magnetic annealing



Magnetic annealing with a tunable solenoid magnetic field from 0–240 G, was conducted on a Bi–Pb–Fe–Cd–O glass containing 20% Fe2O3, which was prepared by the melt-quenching process. The crystalline phases of the annealed samples were identified as γ-Bi2O3 and BiFeO3. Evidence of the formation of the crystalline BiFeO3 which was strongly magnetically enhanced at the surface of the samples, was obtained from X-ray diffraction patterns and EPR spectra. Based on the structure transition of Fe3+ ions, a crystallization mechanism for the BiFeO3 crystals under magnetic annealing has been proposed.



Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 1997

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018526021647

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