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Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Programs in Rural Communities: A Focus Group Study

Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Programs in Rural Communities: A Focus Group Study The Crisis Intervention Teams model (CIT) was originally developed as an urban model for police officers responding to calls about persons experiencing a mental illness crisis. Literature suggests that there is reason to believe that there may be unique challenges to adapting this model in rural settings. This study attempts to better understand these unique challenges. Thematic analysis of focus group interviews revealed that there were both external and internal barriers to developing CIT in their respective communities. Some of these barriers were a consequence of working in small communities and working within small police departments. Participants actively overcame these barriers through the realization that CIT was needed in their community, through collaborative efforts across disciplines, and through the involvement of mental health advocacy groups. These results indicate that CIT can be successfully implemented in rural communities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Community Mental Health Journal Springer Journals

Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Programs in Rural Communities: A Focus Group Study

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Community and Environmental Psychology
ISSN
0010-3853
eISSN
1573-2789
DOI
10.1007/s10597-012-9517-y
pmid
22820926
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Crisis Intervention Teams model (CIT) was originally developed as an urban model for police officers responding to calls about persons experiencing a mental illness crisis. Literature suggests that there is reason to believe that there may be unique challenges to adapting this model in rural settings. This study attempts to better understand these unique challenges. Thematic analysis of focus group interviews revealed that there were both external and internal barriers to developing CIT in their respective communities. Some of these barriers were a consequence of working in small communities and working within small police departments. Participants actively overcame these barriers through the realization that CIT was needed in their community, through collaborative efforts across disciplines, and through the involvement of mental health advocacy groups. These results indicate that CIT can be successfully implemented in rural communities.

Journal

Community Mental Health JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 21, 2012

References