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Classification of solar sail attitude dynamics with and without angular momentum

Classification of solar sail attitude dynamics with and without angular momentum This paper describes attitude dynamics properties of spinning, momentum-biased and zero-momentum solar sail spacecraft. The model called “Generalized Sail Dynamics Model” (GSDM) is introduced, which can deal with general and practical sail configurations, such as arbitrary optical property distribution, shape and surface wrinkles. Attitude stability criteria and other key dynamical characteristics are derived and compared by compact analytical equations induced from the GSDM. The newly derived zero-momentum sail dynamics is compared with that of spinning and momentum-biased sails. It is shown that the spinning and momentum sails have an advantage in terms of dynamical stability whereas zero-momentum sails are only statically stable. With this special property, angular momentum-stabilized sails can realize a sun-pointing stable attitude with almost zero-fuel, which are discussed with actual space flight experience of the JAXA’s two interplanetary missions, IKAROS and Hayabusa2. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Astrodynamics Springer Journals

Classification of solar sail attitude dynamics with and without angular momentum

Astrodynamics , Volume 3 (3) – Jul 16, 2019

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 by Tsinghua University Press
Subject
Engineering; Aerospace Technology and Astronautics; Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics) ; Vibration, Dynamical Systems, Control
ISSN
2522-008X
eISSN
2522-0098
DOI
10.1007/s42064-018-0045-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper describes attitude dynamics properties of spinning, momentum-biased and zero-momentum solar sail spacecraft. The model called “Generalized Sail Dynamics Model” (GSDM) is introduced, which can deal with general and practical sail configurations, such as arbitrary optical property distribution, shape and surface wrinkles. Attitude stability criteria and other key dynamical characteristics are derived and compared by compact analytical equations induced from the GSDM. The newly derived zero-momentum sail dynamics is compared with that of spinning and momentum-biased sails. It is shown that the spinning and momentum sails have an advantage in terms of dynamical stability whereas zero-momentum sails are only statically stable. With this special property, angular momentum-stabilized sails can realize a sun-pointing stable attitude with almost zero-fuel, which are discussed with actual space flight experience of the JAXA’s two interplanetary missions, IKAROS and Hayabusa2.

Journal

AstrodynamicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 16, 2019

References