221 60 60 2 2 I. Strömberg M. Herrera-Marschitz U. Ungerstedt T. Ebendal L. Olson Department of Histology Karolinska Institutet S-10401 Stockholm Sweden Department of Pharmacology Karolinska Institutet S-10401 Stockholm Sweden Department of Zoology Uppsala University S-75122 Uppsala Sweden Summary Adult rat chromaffin tissue was transplanted into striatum of adult rat recipients whose nigrostriatal dopamine pathway had been lesioned on the grafted side by 6-hydroxydopamine. Long-term survival of the intrastriatal chromaffin grafts and the effects of treatment with nerve growth factor (NGF) was studied histochemically using Falck-Hillarp fluorescence histochemistry and functionally using rotational behavior induced by apomorphine. Small, cortex-free adrenal chromaffin tissue grafts survived permanently in striatum. The number of surviving cells was significantly increased by NGF. NGF treatment also caused transformation of many cells towards a more neuronal phenotype and greatly enhanced the adrenergic nerve fiber outgrowth into host brain tissue. NGF was either injected stereotaxically into the site of transplantation or infused continuously using implantable osmotic minipumps and a stereotaxically placed chronic indwelling dialysis fiber through striatum. The latter arrangement permitted continuous infusion of NGF for 14–28 days and caused a vigorous adrenergic nerve growth response by the grafts directed towards the source of NGF in the brain. There was a clearcut correlation between morphological signs of taking and rotational behavior. Grafts, and in particular grafts treated with NGF, were able to significantly and permanently counteract the rotational behavior induced by apomorphine. There seemed to be a dose relationship between NGF treatments and amount of reduction of asymmetric behavior. NGF treatment probably decreased the relative importance of diffuse release of catecholamines from chromaffin cells in the graft and increased the importance of adrenergic innervation of host striatum by cells in the graft. Immunofluorescence using antibodies against glial fibrillary acidic protein did not reveal any marked gliosis around the grafts nor were there any marked gliotic reactions around chronic indwelling dialysis fibers. We conclude that implantation of chromaffin tissue into striatum in conjunction with NGF treatments is an effective means of counteracting some of the symptoms of experimentally induced unilateral parkinsonism in rats.
Experimental Brain Research – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 1985
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