. This is a report of unexplained anemia that persisted for 4 months in an adolescent renal transplant patient receiving immunosuppression that included prednisone, tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil. This patient required monthly blood transfusions for fatigue, palpitations, and hematocrit levels between 15% and 17%. In addition, his posttransplant course was notable for the development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. While receiving low-dose prednisone, he was switched from tacrolimus to cyclosporin and tapered off insulin injections over the next 2 months. At 4.5 months post-transplantation, further diagnostic evaluation was suggestive of parvovirus B19 infection as the cause for our patient’s chronic anemia. After testing negative for serum-specific parvovirus B19 IgM and IgG antibodies, parvovirus B19 infection was detected in blood by the polymerase chain reaction. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (1 g/kg per day × 2 days) resulted in normalization of both his reticulocyte count and hematocrit within 6 weeks. At 4 months after receiving the immunoglobulin infusion, he has maintained a normal hematocrit level and stable renal function without requiring further blood transfusions.
Pediatric Nephrology – Springer Journals
Published: May 26, 1997
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