Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the surgical site infection (SSI) rates of children and adults after open tibia fracture at a single medical centre. Methods A retrospective study was performed on patients who sustained open tibia fractures and who received treatment at our hospital from 2012 to 2016. Data on age, gender, fracture site, Gustilo-Anderson grade, treatment management, and culture results from the infection site were recorded. Results Overall, 37 children with a mean age of 7.19 ± 2.28 years and 89 adults with a mean age of 40.38 ± 13.53 years were enrolled. The rate of SSIs was 13.5% (6/37) in children, which was significantly lower than the 21.3% (19/89) rate in adults (p < 0.001). The mean number of days to discharge was 12.86 ± 10.25 in children, which was significantly lower than the mean of 28.67 ± 16.92 days in adults (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the average waiting time for soft tissue recovery before definitive surgery was 1.41 ± 1.79 and 8.42 ± 4.38 days in children and in adults, respectively, and the difference was significant (p < 0.001). Early infection occurred more frequently in adults (5/19) than in children
International Orthopaedics – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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