Ethiopia possesses about 30 million of sheep population which could be taken as a source of raw material for textile industries as a wise strategy to manage their natural fibers scarcity. This work explored the possible wool fiber potentials on selected sheep breeds. Three representative breeds as indigenous (Menz), exotic (Dorper) and crossbreed (50% Dorper/50% Menz) sheep breeds were considered to characterize the wool fiber properties. Samples have been taken from four main body parts for four age categories of each sheep breeds. All samples were allowed to standard laboratory conditioning before testing, and then, properties are measured based on ASTM. The results revealed that the fibers diameter and crimp frequencies of wool fiber of the three sheep breeds in Ethiopia are significantly different from each other. The crossbreeding of the Menz sheep with Dorper provides fine wool fiber. The wool fiber properties particularly the fineness and crimps of Menz, Dorper and 50% Dorper sheep of different parts and age categories are significantly different. Hence, these wool fibers shall be classified and graded based on their breeds to use for different applications, and also it could help to explore more on wool fiber production.
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series E – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 2019