We evaluated nanofiltration for separation of ions from acid mine drainage (AMD), using two composite nanofiltration membranes (Nano-Pro-3012 and NF90) as examples of the polyamide class of acid-stable membranes. The structure of the NF membranes was characterized by scanning electron and atomic force microscopy. The NF90 displayed a higher permeate flux than Nano-Pro-3012, with higher relative roughness at both pH values. Both membranes suitably rejected most of the metals found in the AMD, but the Nano-Pro-3012 membrane proved unsuitable for sulphate removal.
Mine Water and the Environment – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 18, 2017
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