Catalyst Tegoamin 33 has been used for the synthesis of rigid polyurethane (RPU) foams containing microencapsulated Rubitherm® RT27 and having a high mechanical resistance. These materials could be employed in buildings for thermal insulation and thermal energy storage (TES). The fillers content influence on the foaming process and also the foam properties was evaluated. It was observed that a foam containing up to a 18 wt% of microcapsules can be manufactured, improving the TES capacity while maintaining the mechanical properties of the neat foam. Besides, it was observed that the mechanical resistance of foams synthesized using catalyst Tegoamin 33 are higher than those obtained when catalyst Tegoamin BDE was employed, with the mechanical resistance of the foam containing 21 wt% being higher than those of foams synthesized with catalyst BDE containing only 11 wt% of fillers while maintaining the advantages of an improvement in TES capacity. A general model of reaction curve of n tank-in-series of a same time constant was used to fit the rising curves. This model allowed to predict the final volume of the synthesized foam. Finally, TES capacities and mechanical properties of the synthesized foams were in the range of those reported in literature. Moreover, foam densities satisfied the restriction established by the Spanish regulation for building applications.
Journal of Materials Science – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 26, 2010
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