Characterization of proteases secreted by leek roots

Characterization of proteases secreted by leek roots Some characteristics of root-secreted proteases were studied. We measured their molecular weights and mechanism of BSA digestion in comparison to endogenous root proteases. We related these studies to culture medium N composition. The seedlings of Allium porrum L. (cv. Bartek) were cultivated on MS medium, MS without inorganic nitrogen (MS-IN), and MS without IN, but with 0.1% casein (MS-IN + 0.1% casein). Electrophoretic study showed that root-secreted proteases had one isoform with a mol wt of 45 kD, regardless of medium N composition. Difference in molecular weights of root-secreted proteases and endogenous root proteases active under used conditions (>66 kD) provide us another strong evidence that root-secreted proteases were not just leaking from the roots, but they were secreted. Proteases exuded by roots degraded BSA in a similar way as endogenous proteases, with only one SDS-PAGE-detectable product of degradation. Our results may be a powerful tool in the extraction and purification of these enzymes and also in proteomic studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Characterization of proteases secreted by leek roots

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443714050021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Some characteristics of root-secreted proteases were studied. We measured their molecular weights and mechanism of BSA digestion in comparison to endogenous root proteases. We related these studies to culture medium N composition. The seedlings of Allium porrum L. (cv. Bartek) were cultivated on MS medium, MS without inorganic nitrogen (MS-IN), and MS without IN, but with 0.1% casein (MS-IN + 0.1% casein). Electrophoretic study showed that root-secreted proteases had one isoform with a mol wt of 45 kD, regardless of medium N composition. Difference in molecular weights of root-secreted proteases and endogenous root proteases active under used conditions (>66 kD) provide us another strong evidence that root-secreted proteases were not just leaking from the roots, but they were secreted. Proteases exuded by roots degraded BSA in a similar way as endogenous proteases, with only one SDS-PAGE-detectable product of degradation. Our results may be a powerful tool in the extraction and purification of these enzymes and also in proteomic studies.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 21, 2014

References

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