Comparative study was performed to assess the content and proportions of photosynthetic pigments and the violaxanthin cycle (VXC) activity in winter-green and summer-green leaves of bugleweed (Ajuga reptans L.) plants grown in shaded (photosynthetically active radiation, PAR 150 μmol/(m2 s)) and sunny (PAR 1200 μmol/(m2 s)) habitats in the Botanic Garden of Jagiellonian University (Krakow, Poland). In overwintered and newly formed leaves of shade plants, the content of green and yellow pigments was two times higher than in leaves of sun plants. The shade plants were distinguished by accumulation of β-carotene, while lutein was predominant in leaves of sun plants. Under the action of strong light (2000 μmol/(m2s)), the level of violaxanthin deepoxidation in winter-green leaves of shade and sun plants increased five- to sixfold, whereas it changed insignificantly in summer-green leaves of shade plants. It is concluded that, in a shadetolerant species A. reptans, the photosynthetic apparatus of winter-green leaves in sun and shade plants and of summer-green leaves in sun plants is protected against excess insolation by high activity of VXC. The carotenoids of summer-green leaves in shade plants are supposed to function mainly as light-harvesting pigments.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 31, 2010
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