Calreticulin expression in plant cells: developmental regulation, tissue specificity and intracellular distribution

Calreticulin expression in plant cells: developmental regulation, tissue specificity and... The tissue-specific expression pattern and the intracellular distribution of the Ca2+-binding protein calreticulin at the mRNA and protein levels have been studied during somatic and zygotic embryogenesis of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. A full-length cDNA sequence encoding calreticulin was isolated from a λ Zap cDNA library from early developmental stages of somatic embryogenesis. The deduced amino acid sequence of the calreticulin from N. plumbaginifolia shows high homology to the corresponding proteins of tobacco (98.2% identity), maize (80%) and barley (76.5%), and more than 55% homology to animal calreticulins, and the sequence motifs with established functions found in calreticulins of other species were quite conserved. Northern experiments revealed a developmental regulation of the calreticulin transcript with a maximum during the early stages of somatic embryogenesis and an auxin dependence during in-vitro cell culture. α-Naphthaleneacetic acid stimulated calreticulin expression whereas 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid reduced it. Immunohistological analysis of calreticulin distribution in the ovaries during zygotic embryogenesis showed that calreticulin biosynthesis started tissue specifically, with a high abundance in the endothelium of the integument in the ovules, followed by calreticulin accumulation in the embryo proper and in the associated endosperm at the late globular stage of embryogenesis. Using immunogold labeling, calreticulin was intracellularly localized with a high abundance to the Golgi compartment and to patches on the surface of dividing protoplasts. Smaller amounts were found in the endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membranes. The functional role of calreticulin in posttranslational processing and translocation processes, apart from its postulated function in cellular Ca2+ homeostasis, is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Planta Springer Journals

Calreticulin expression in plant cells: developmental regulation, tissue specificity and intracellular distribution

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer-journals/calreticulin-expression-in-plant-cells-developmental-regulation-tissue-yDX0BMSQoB
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Agriculture; Ecology; Forestry
ISSN
0032-0935
eISSN
1432-2048
D.O.I.
10.1007/s004250050427
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The tissue-specific expression pattern and the intracellular distribution of the Ca2+-binding protein calreticulin at the mRNA and protein levels have been studied during somatic and zygotic embryogenesis of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. A full-length cDNA sequence encoding calreticulin was isolated from a λ Zap cDNA library from early developmental stages of somatic embryogenesis. The deduced amino acid sequence of the calreticulin from N. plumbaginifolia shows high homology to the corresponding proteins of tobacco (98.2% identity), maize (80%) and barley (76.5%), and more than 55% homology to animal calreticulins, and the sequence motifs with established functions found in calreticulins of other species were quite conserved. Northern experiments revealed a developmental regulation of the calreticulin transcript with a maximum during the early stages of somatic embryogenesis and an auxin dependence during in-vitro cell culture. α-Naphthaleneacetic acid stimulated calreticulin expression whereas 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid reduced it. Immunohistological analysis of calreticulin distribution in the ovaries during zygotic embryogenesis showed that calreticulin biosynthesis started tissue specifically, with a high abundance in the endothelium of the integument in the ovules, followed by calreticulin accumulation in the embryo proper and in the associated endosperm at the late globular stage of embryogenesis. Using immunogold labeling, calreticulin was intracellularly localized with a high abundance to the Golgi compartment and to patches on the surface of dividing protoplasts. Smaller amounts were found in the endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membranes. The functional role of calreticulin in posttranslational processing and translocation processes, apart from its postulated function in cellular Ca2+ homeostasis, is discussed.

Journal

PlantaSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 7, 1998

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off