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Bringing the Effects of Occupational Licensing into Focus: Optician Licensing in the United States

Bringing the Effects of Occupational Licensing into Focus: Optician Licensing in the United States The labor market institution of occupational licensing continues to grow in scope in the United States and abroad. In this paper, we estimate the effects of occupational licensing on opticians using data from the US Census and American Community Survey. Our results suggest that optician licensing is associated with opticians receiving as much as 16.9 percent more in annual earnings. In an examination of malpractice insurance premiums in all states and participation rates in optician certification programs in Texas, we find little evidence that optician licensing has enhanced the quality of services delivered to consumers. By and large, optician licensing appears to be reducing consumer welfare by raising the earnings of opticians without enhancing the quality of services delivered to consumers. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Eastern Economic Journal Springer Journals

Bringing the Effects of Occupational Licensing into Focus: Optician Licensing in the United States

Eastern Economic Journal , Volume 44 (1) – Jan 9, 2018

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References (25)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by EEA
Subject
Economics; Economics, general; Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods
ISSN
0094-5056
eISSN
1939-4632
DOI
10.1057/eej.2016.4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The labor market institution of occupational licensing continues to grow in scope in the United States and abroad. In this paper, we estimate the effects of occupational licensing on opticians using data from the US Census and American Community Survey. Our results suggest that optician licensing is associated with opticians receiving as much as 16.9 percent more in annual earnings. In an examination of malpractice insurance premiums in all states and participation rates in optician certification programs in Texas, we find little evidence that optician licensing has enhanced the quality of services delivered to consumers. By and large, optician licensing appears to be reducing consumer welfare by raising the earnings of opticians without enhancing the quality of services delivered to consumers.

Journal

Eastern Economic JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 9, 2018

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