Brief Report: Estimating the Dental Age of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Brief Report: Estimating the Dental Age of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Determining a patient’s dental age is essential from the dental standpoint but can also have connotations of a forensic, anthropological and medicolegal nature. In this study, we assessed the correspondence between dental age and chronological age in a group of 50 children with autism spectrum disorders, with a chronological age range of 3–17 years. The dental age was calculated using panoramic radiography images, applying linear regression models derived from the classical indices by Nolla and Demirjian. In 2 of every 3 boys, the dental age was ahead of the chronological age, and in almost 1 of every 3 cases, the difference was ≥ 12 months. In the girls, conversely, we found no significant differences between dental age and chronological age. Keywords Autism spectrum disorders · Chronological age · Dental age · Dental maturation index Introduction number of cases in which the chronological age is unknown due to uncontrolled migratory flow and increased interna- Determining a patient’s chronological age (defined as the tional adoptions (Camacho-Basallo et al. 2017). However, time lived since birth) constitutes an essentially adminis- the most widely used argument for determining dental age trative criterion, which does not always correspond with is that it provides highly relevant clinical information for the the individual’s biological http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Pediatrics; Neurosciences; Public Health
ISSN
0162-3257
eISSN
1573-3432
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10803-019-04007-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Determining a patient’s dental age is essential from the dental standpoint but can also have connotations of a forensic, anthropological and medicolegal nature. In this study, we assessed the correspondence between dental age and chronological age in a group of 50 children with autism spectrum disorders, with a chronological age range of 3–17 years. The dental age was calculated using panoramic radiography images, applying linear regression models derived from the classical indices by Nolla and Demirjian. In 2 of every 3 boys, the dental age was ahead of the chronological age, and in almost 1 of every 3 cases, the difference was ≥ 12 months. In the girls, conversely, we found no significant differences between dental age and chronological age. Keywords Autism spectrum disorders · Chronological age · Dental age · Dental maturation index Introduction number of cases in which the chronological age is unknown due to uncontrolled migratory flow and increased interna- Determining a patient’s chronological age (defined as the tional adoptions (Camacho-Basallo et al. 2017). However, time lived since birth) constitutes an essentially adminis- the most widely used argument for determining dental age trative criterion, which does not always correspond with is that it provides highly relevant clinical information for the the individual’s biological

Journal

Journal of Autism and Developmental DisordersSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 9, 2019

References

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