Male-to-female gender reassignment surgery is a procedure that has evolved significantly since its inception. To create an aesthetic and functional vagina is the primary focus. Despite its evolutions, second stage revisions are frequently utilised to correct labial and clitoral hood defects (e.g. loss of clitoral hood, widening of the ventral labia major and exposure of the anterior commissure). Our objective is to present a simple and effective surgical step in the male-to-female gender reassignment operation in order to reduce the need for second stage interventions. The Bowtie technique is performed as the last step to the male-to-female gender reassignment procedure and aims to emphasise the clitoral hood, reduce the space of the ventral labia major and diminish the exposure of the anterior commissure. Having been performed by the senior author since 1992, outcomes have been satisfactory with no need for secondary procedures in those patients for the described defects. The Bowtie technique is a beneficial addition in male-to-female reconstructive surgery, which allows for the procedure to be performed in one stage without the need to correct common post-operative aesthetic defects.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 11, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera