Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries (2005) 15: 163 Springer 2005 DOI 10.1007/s11160-005-7203-7 K.M. Leber, S. Kitada, H.L. Blankenship and salmon supplementation in Prince William Sound, T. Svasand (eds.), Stock Enhancement and Sea Alaska. The ﬁrst chapter describes the cost effec- Ranching: Development, Pitfalls and Opportunities. tive success of pink salmon mitigation, with Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2004. 560 pp. minimal negative impacts to the natural ﬁshery. The opposing point of view is detailed in a chapter Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching is an eclectic proposing that mitigation success is marginal collection of chapters focusing on artiﬁcial sup- and has been at the expense of displaced wild plementation of marine ﬁsheries. This book individuals. addresses a broad range of species ranging from A major theme conveyed in this book is the spiny lobsters to masu salmon and many diﬀerent necessity of high quality natural brood stocks. aspects of ocean stocking from technical to philo- Domestication of hatchery individuals is inevitable sophical. Given the current exploited state of but can be countered with constant renewal of global ocean ﬁsheries, coupled with the rising brood stocks with wild individuals. Incorporation demand of marine derived protein, this overview of natural mimicking conditions in the hatchery should be of interest to all those involved with environment may also reduce this domestication conservation and management of marine ﬁsheries. effect and increase survival when the individuals The book is organized into 11 sections con- are released into the wild. There is a risk that taining a total of 40 chapters. It is the document hatchery individuals will breed with wild individ- resulting from the 2nd International Symposium uals, degrading the genetic diversity of wild on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching in populations. Ultimately, hatchery introgression Kobe, Japan in 2002. Many chapters are organized can threaten the wild sources that hatcheries like scientiﬁc journal articles speciﬁc to situations depend on for brood stocks. Several chapters in and species. Other chapters are review articles, this book focus on the inﬂuence of hatchery some of which tie together science with socio- released ﬁsh on wild populations. economic concerns. This book is an excellent overview of the A philosophical dichotomy exists regarding the current state of artiﬁcial supplementation of application of artiﬁcial propagation and stocking marine ﬁsheries and outlines current debates for efforts to concerned ﬁsheries. One belief is that ﬁsh responsible use of this technology. culture technology should be used as a ﬁrst resort to solve problems with marine ﬁsheries. The SCOTT A. PAVEY conservative point of view believes in a detailed USGS Alaska Science Center risk/beneﬁt analysis before the start of any pro- Biological Science Oﬃce gram, followed by pilot studies and constant 1011 E. Tudor Rd, evaluation of the program’s genetic and ecological Anchorage, AK, 99503, USA effectiveness. This dichotomy is illustrated in two E-mail: Scott_Pavey@usgs.gov chapters assessing the largest single marine enhancement program in North America, pink
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: May 12, 2005
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