213 92 92 1 1 S. Hjorth B. Söderpalm J. A. Engel Department of Pharmacology University of Göteborg P.O. Box 33031 S-400 33 Göteborg Sweden Abstract The effect of l -5-HTP (25–400 mg/kg IP) following inhibition of the peripheral aromatic amino acid decarboxylase by means of benserazide (25 mg/kg IP) was investigated in a test modified from Vogel's drinking conflict model. At 50 mg/kg an anti-conflict action was detected, while higher doses (100–400 mg/kg) decreased punished responding. A lower dose (25 mg/kg) had no effect. Non-specific effects — such as alterations in muscle tone, in motivation to drink or in the sensitivity to electrical shock — could not explain the anxiolytic- and anxiogenic-like actions of 50 and 100 mg/kg, respectively. The bi-phasic effect of l -5-HTP is discussed in terms of different subpopulations of central serotoninergic receptors, possibly exerting opposing influences on conflict responding. The study emphasises the importance of 5-HT mechanisms in anxiety, and the possibility of finding novel anxiolytics among drugs selectively affecting central 5-HT neurotransmission.
Psychopharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: May 1, 1987
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