The fungal cultures, namely – Pleurotus sajor-caju MTCC 1806, Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 6933 and Candida tropicalis MTCC 1406 and their combinations, C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae, P. sajor-caju + S. cerevisiae and C. tropicalis + P. sajor-caju were grown in minimal medium containing 100 ppm of gossypol as the sole carbon and energy source. The culture supernatants of C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae and P. sajor-caju + S. cerevisiae had low residual gossypol levels of 29 and 25 ppm, respectively. In the present study, we attempted to isolate gossypol-degrading enzyme and biodegraded gossypol from the culture supernatants of C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae and P. sajor-caju + S. cerevisiae. The specific activity of laccase in the purified enzyme extracts of the C. tropicalis + S. cerevisiae and P. sajor-caju + S. cerevisiae treated samples was 425 and 224 U/mg, respectively. In SDS-PAGE, the gossypol-degrading enzyme was revealed as 3 bands of molecular weights ranging from 45 to 66 kDa. The characterization of biodegraded gossypol by FTIR analysis showed a reduction in aldehydes (C-H) stretches in samples treated with fungi. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that the monoisotopic mass of the biodegraded gossypol was 474 g/mol.
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018