This review, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of A.L. Kursanov's date of birth, considers the development of phloem transport studies since his book, Assimilate Transport in the Plant, was published in 1976. This book and several other fundamental publications on phloem structure and functions basically shaped this physiological issue; as a result, several international meetings by scientists working in the area were induced, and the proceedings of these meetings were published at regular intervals. Six conferences have been held to date, and six corresponding collections of papers have been published and are reviewed here along with other experimental communications and reviews. This review considers the following topics: (1) the phloem structure and the ultrastructure of specialized phloem cells, (2) the physiological functions of phloem and their regulation, (3) photosynthesis and phloem loading with assimilates, (4) phloem unloading and the related processes of plant growth and development, (5) the mechanisms of sugar and amino acid transport, (6) the levels of transport, (7) transport compartments; (8) xylem–phloem and symplast–apoplast communication; (9) phloem transport vs. the integral plant physiology, (10) transport of xenobiotics, and (11) the trophic transport networks in symbionts.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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