The adipose tissue (AT) is severely affected by cachexia, a paraneoplastic syndrome, which increases the morbidity and mortality of cancer. There is, however, a heterogeneous response to the condition, according to the AT depot. As plasma leptin concentration has been often reported to vary in cachexia, we have measured (species specific radioimmunoassay) the local concentration of leptin in three AT depots: retroperitoneal (RPAT), epididymal (EAT) and mesenteric (MES) of Walker 256 tumour-bearing rats. A reduced concentration of leptin (P<0.0001) was found in all the depots and in the plasma of the cachectic rats, compared with controls already from day 4 after tumour cell injection. The presence of a cell infiltrate was observed in all AT obtained from the tumour-bearing animals. Ultrastructural analysis, along with immunocytochemistry for RT1B (indicating the presence of MHCII) and using antibody against mononuclear phagocytes, showed the cells to be macrophages. The profile of TNFα and PGE2 secretion by the infiltrate was investigated (commercial kits). There was increased production of both factors by the cells of all AT (P<0.05) compared with peritoneal macrophages obtained from the cachectic rats, while the cells isolated from MES showed the highest synthesis of TNFα. The results suggest a possible modulation of the chronic locally produced TNFα and PGE2 upon leptin synthesis by the AT of the cachectic rats.
Cell and Tissue Research – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 15, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera