In a study of the 5′-flanking sequence of the Zea mays L. (maize) Glb1 gene in vitro, serial promoter deletions were generated and linked with the β -glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene. The promoter deletion-GUS fusions were introduced into the maize P3377 cell line by particle bombardment. GUS assays indicated that treatment of the maize cultured cells with abscisic acid (ABA) was required for Glb1 -driven GUS transient expression, and that the –272-bp sequence of the Glb1 promoter was sufficient for ABA-regulated expression of GUS. The longest undeleted sequence used, –1391 GUS, showed relatively low expression which could be indicative of an upstream silencer element in the Glb1 promoter between –1391 and –805. Further studies show that the Glb1 -driven GUS activity of bombarded maize P3377 cells increases with increasing ABA concentration (up to 100–300 μ m ). Site-directed mutagenesis of a putative ABA response element, Em1a, abolished GUS expression in P3377 cells. This observation indicated that the Em1a sequence in the Glb1 5′ regulatory region is responsible for the positive ABA regulation of gene expression.
Plant Cell Reports – Springer Journals
Published: May 1, 1998
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