J Bus Psychol (2017) 32:1–19 DOI 10.1007/s10869-016-9439-8 OR IGINAL PAPER A Socioecological Approach to Relational Demography: How Relative Representation and Respectful Coworkers Affect Job Attitudes 1 2 3 1 • • • Eden King Jeremy Dawson Jaclyn Jensen Kristen Jones Published online: 9 February 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016 Abstract typically considered to be intraorganizational phenomena, Purpose This paper advances a socioecological perspec- thereby highlighting the need for organizational research to tive toward understanding the relationship between assess relevant aspects of the communities in which orga- demography and job attitudes by considering the joint nizations are embedded. effects of individual ethnicity and ethnic group relative representation—the degree to which an individual’s own Keywords Ethnicity Demography Socioecological demographic group is represented similarly in their orga- psychology Job attitudes nization and the community in which the organization is located. A major challenge arising from the increasing diversity of Design/Methodology/Approach Hierarchical polynomial the workplace is that differences can sometimes lead to regression analyses of census and survey data from 57,000 discontent (McKay et al. 2007). Indeed, research has shown employees of 142 hospitals in the United Kingdom suggest that individuals who are dissimilar from their coworkers that
Journal of Business and Psychology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 9, 2016
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