A novel scheme for secure direct communication between Alice and Bob is proposed, where there is no need for establishing a shared secret key. The communication is based on Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs and teleportation between Alice and Bob. After insuring the security of the quantum channel (EPR pairs), Bob encodes the secret message directly on a sequence of particle states and transmits them to Alice by teleportation. In this scheme teleportation transmits Bob’s message without revealing any information to a potential eavesdropper. Alice can read out the encoded messages directly by the measurement on her qubits. Because there is not a transmission of the qubit which carries the secret message between Alice and Bob, it is completely secure for direct secret communication if perfect quantum channel is used.
The European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 1, 2004
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