In this paper, a modular and scalable all-optical packet switch (AOPS) is proposed. The range of its capacity can be easily scaled from gigabit per second to multi-terabits per second. Due to its broadcast-and-select property, the proposed AOPS is capable of performing a multicast function. By taking the advantage of wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), this architecture can provide the best network performance using a limited number of optical fiber delay lines as buffers. To perform the header replacement function, a novel all-optical header replacement unit (HRU) is introduced to be integrated with the switching function. The proposed HRU is shared by all the inputs which provides cost advantages. In addition, we present a generic control scheme for the proposed AOPS. To implement the function of the AOPS, two possible approaches, based on the design of wavelength conversion pools (WCPs), are presented and their cascadability performances are compared. Our simulations show that the proposed AOPS with an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) based WCP provides better cascadability performance than the one with a star coupler based WCP. We conclude that, based on the status of current optical and electronic technologies, the proposed architecture is feasible to be implemented, and can be a good candidate for future packet switching solutions.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 9, 2004
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