A Review of Environmental Epidemiology Studies in Southwestern and Mountain West Rural Minority Populations

A Review of Environmental Epidemiology Studies in Southwestern and Mountain West Rural Minority... Purpose of Review This review summarizes the recent epidemiologic literature examining environmental exposures and health outcomes in rural, minority populations in the southwestern and mountain west region of the USA identifying areas requiring further data and research. Recent Findings Recent studies (2012–2017) in this region have primarily focused on arsenic exposure (n =10 studies) with similar results reported across populations in this region. Associations between arsenic and cadmium were reported for cardio- vascular and kidney disease, type II diabetes, cognitive function, hypothyroidism, and increased prevalence and mortality for lung and other cancers. Also, in this review are studies of exposure to particulate matter, environmental tobacco smoke, pesticides and fungicides, heat, and ozone. Summary Although small, the current literature identified in this review reports consistent adverse health outcomes associated with particulate matter, arsenic, cadmium, and other exposures among rural, minority populations in the southwest/mountain west region of the USA. This literature provides important insight into the environmental exposures and health effects experienced by the rural populations in these regions. Additional studies that identify sources of environmental exposure are needed. Greater representation of the rural and minority populations from this region into large health studies also remains a need. . . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Epidemiology Reports Springer Journals

A Review of Environmental Epidemiology Studies in Southwestern and Mountain West Rural Minority Populations

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Epidemiology
eISSN
2196-2995
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40471-018-0146-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review This review summarizes the recent epidemiologic literature examining environmental exposures and health outcomes in rural, minority populations in the southwestern and mountain west region of the USA identifying areas requiring further data and research. Recent Findings Recent studies (2012–2017) in this region have primarily focused on arsenic exposure (n =10 studies) with similar results reported across populations in this region. Associations between arsenic and cadmium were reported for cardio- vascular and kidney disease, type II diabetes, cognitive function, hypothyroidism, and increased prevalence and mortality for lung and other cancers. Also, in this review are studies of exposure to particulate matter, environmental tobacco smoke, pesticides and fungicides, heat, and ozone. Summary Although small, the current literature identified in this review reports consistent adverse health outcomes associated with particulate matter, arsenic, cadmium, and other exposures among rural, minority populations in the southwest/mountain west region of the USA. This literature provides important insight into the environmental exposures and health effects experienced by the rural populations in these regions. Additional studies that identify sources of environmental exposure are needed. Greater representation of the rural and minority populations from this region into large health studies also remains a need. . .

Journal

Current Epidemiology ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 21, 2018

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