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A Review of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Central and Peripheral Effects of Diclofenac

A Review of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Central and Peripheral Effects of Diclofenac Diclofenac is widely used to manage chronic inflammatory and degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis, and extra-articular rheumatism. Its various mechanisms of action make it particularly effective in treating nociceptive pain, but it is also an alternative for treating spinal and chronic central pain. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most frequently encountered arthritic conditions in adults. The management of nociceptive pain requires a sequential hierarchical approach, with the initial NSAID treatment being characterized by the replacement of one drug with another, or complete discontinuation usually because of insufficient pain control. OA- and RA-related pain is complex and multifactorial, and due to physiological interactions between the signaling of the central and peripheral nervous systems. The mechanisms of action of diclofenac make it particularly effective in treating both nociceptive pain and chronic central pain. This review underlines the mechanisms of diclofenac involved in chronic and acute joint pain, the most relevant adverse events. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pain and Therapy Springer Journals

A Review of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Central and Peripheral Effects of Diclofenac

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Internal Medicine; Pain Medicine
ISSN
2193-8237
eISSN
2193-651X
DOI
10.1007/s40122-018-0100-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Diclofenac is widely used to manage chronic inflammatory and degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis, and extra-articular rheumatism. Its various mechanisms of action make it particularly effective in treating nociceptive pain, but it is also an alternative for treating spinal and chronic central pain. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most frequently encountered arthritic conditions in adults. The management of nociceptive pain requires a sequential hierarchical approach, with the initial NSAID treatment being characterized by the replacement of one drug with another, or complete discontinuation usually because of insufficient pain control. OA- and RA-related pain is complex and multifactorial, and due to physiological interactions between the signaling of the central and peripheral nervous systems. The mechanisms of action of diclofenac make it particularly effective in treating both nociceptive pain and chronic central pain. This review underlines the mechanisms of diclofenac involved in chronic and acute joint pain, the most relevant adverse events.

Journal

Pain and TherapySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 5, 2018

References