Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was originally isolated from the hypothalamus. Besides controlling the secretion of TSH from the anterior pituitary, this tripeptide is widely distributed in the central nervous system and regarded as a neurotransmitter or modulator of neuronal activities in extrahypothalamic regions, including the cerebellum. TRH has an important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis, feeding behavior, thermogenesis, and autonomic regulation. TRH controls energy homeostasis mainly through its hypophysiotropic actions to regulate circulating thyroid hormone levels. Recent investigations have revealed that TRH production is regulated directly at the transcriptional level by leptin, one of the adipocytokines that plays a critical role in feeding and energy expenditure. The improvement of ataxic gait is one of the important pharmacological properties of TRH. In the cerebellum, cyclic GMP has been shown to be involved in the effects of TRH. TRH knockout mice show characteristic phenotypes of tertiary hypothyroidism, but no morphological changes in their cerebellum. Further analysis of TRH-deficient mice revealed that the expression of PFTAIRE protein kinase1 (PFTK1), a cdc2-related kinase, in the cerebellum was induced by TRH through the NO-cGMP pathway. The antiataxic effect of TRH and TRH analogs has been investigated in rolling mouse Nagoya (RMN) or 3-acetylpyridine treated rats, which are regarded as a model of human cerebellar degenerative disease. TRH and TRH analogs are promising clinical therapeutic agents for inducing arousal effects, amelioration of mental depression, and improvement of cerebellar ataxia.
The Cerebellum – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 12, 2008
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Already have an account? Log in
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
ok to continue